20 Most Used SSH Linux Commands With Example For Beginners


Linux is the most popular Operating System available freely on the Internet. It’s an open-source operating system that helps anyone to use, edit, modify the complete OS and use it as your custom brand. Linux is used by the developers & programmers only as it requires lots of knowledge on commands to run this OS. A person with a non-technical background cannot run most of the Linux OS perfectly.

most used linux commands


So, here we’ve come up with the top 20 commands that are commonly used to run a Linux OS. Additionally, we’ll be giving you some advanced Linux commands that will help you learn & use Linux operating system faster & easier. Let’s begin!!

Top 20 SSH Linux Commands

The Linux operating system has thousands of thousand commands but today we’ll walk you through the 20 most used Linux commands with examples that will help you get started with Linux.

1. cd command

The cd command is one of the most used and common commands in Linux used to jump from one directory to different directories. In simple words, this command will help you browse anything. If you want to go inside the public_html in Linux then you can use the cd /home/user/public_html command, and you’ll be jumped to the public_html directory.

linux cd command

2. pwd command

This command will tell you where exactly you are. In short, if you want to know your present working directory, use pwd command.

linux pwd command

3. ls command

The ls command is used to list the contents & files inside a directory. If you want to see what is present inside a particular directory, you can use ls command.

ls command in linux

4. mkdir command

This command is used to create directories in Linux. You can create single or multiple directories by using the mkdir dir1 or mkdir dir1, dir2, dir3 command.

create directory linux command mkdir

5. mv command

The mv command is used to move or rename files in Linux. You can move and rename files by using the mv filename.php /home/directory1/newfile.php command.

6. cp command

This command is similar to the cp command but it is used to copy files from one directory to another.



7. rm command

This command is used to delete a file or a directory in Linux. Use the rm filename.php command to delete a file. To delete multiple files at once, use rm file1.php file2.php file3.php command.

8. touch command

It is also an important command in Linux. The touch command is used to create new files in Linux. You can easily create new files in Linux by using the touch filename.php command.



9. cat command

It’s similar to the ls command. The command will show you the list of the contents present inside a directory whereas, the cat command will display file contents on the terminal.

10. clear command

Well, this is one of my favorite commands. It clears all the previous commands written on the terminal display and empties it as a fresh one. If you want to clear all the contents or commands written on the display, simply write clear command and hit the enter button.

11. df command

It is basically used to display the disk file system information. Just type df in the command terminal, and hit enter to see the result.



12.  wget command

It is an advanced and useful command to download files & documents from one server to another server. You can easily download anything from the Internet without wasting your data. This is also one of the fastest methods to download something. Use the wget https://WebsiteUrl.com/something/path.extension to download anything from the Internet.

13. whoami command

It is used to know the currently active username. Simply type whoami and hit enter to see the current username.

14. head command

The head command is used to read the first 10 lines of the contents inside a file. Use the head filename.php command, hit the enter button to read the first 10 lines of a file.

15. tail command

Just like the head command, the tail command will let you read the last 10 lines of the contents inside a file. Use the tail filename.php command to view the last 10 lines of the whole file.

16. zip command

The zip command is used to zip files in Linux. One can easily create compress multiple files into a zip file by using the zip zipfilename file1.php file2.php file3.php command.

17. unzip command

It is also similar to the zip command. One can easily unzip multiple zip files with the help of unzip file1.php file2.php command.

18. find command

It is also one of the common commands in Linux. The find command is used to find files or directories in your present working directory. 

19. vi command

The vi command to enter in the editing section of any file. You can edit & modify contents inside with the help of vi filename.php command.

20. grep command

It’s an interesting command. If you want to know how many times a particular keyword had repeated inside a particular file, then you can use the grep keyword. This command is used with the cat command. For example, if I want to find the “database” keyword inside a file named “wp-config.php” then the command will look like this: 

cat wp-config.php | grep “database”

These were some of the most used Linux commands that you should know before getting started with the Linux operating system. Moreover, you can visit RedserverHost.Com if you want to use Linux commands without having a Linux OS. Yes, you can purchase any Web Hostings from RedserverHost, and perform Linux tasks as they’re offering Free SSH to all their users.


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